Grade 7 Mathematics Module 3, Topic B, Overview

Studying for Test

In Topic B, students use linear equations and inequalities to solve problems.  They continue to use bar diagrams from earlier grades where they see fit but will quickly discover that some problems would more reasonably be solved algebraically (as in the case of large numbers).  Guiding students to arrive at this realization on their own develops the need for algebra.  This algebraic approach builds upon work in Grade 6 with equations (6.EE.B.6, 6.EE.B.7) to now include multi-step equations and inequalities containing rational numbers (7.EE.B.3, 7.EE.B.4).  Students solve problems involving consecutive numbers, total cost, age comparisons, distance/rate/time, area and perimeter, and missing angle measures.  Solving equations with a variable is all about numbers, and students are challenged with the goal of finding the number that makes the equation true.  When given in context, students recognize that a value exists, and it is simply their job to discover what that value is.  Even the angles in each diagram have a precise value, which can be checked with a protractor to ensure students that the value they find does indeed create a true number sentence.

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Common Core Learning Standards

CCLS State Standard
7.EE.3 Solve multi-step real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational...
7.EE.4 Use variables to represent quantities in a real-world or mathematical problem, and construct simple...
7.G.5 Use facts about supplementary, complementary, vertical, and adjacent angles in a multi-step problem...

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