Grade 10 ELA Module 2, Unit 1, Lesson 18

Girl Graduating

In this lesson, students reread the final five paragraphs of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” As students read, they analyze how King uses these paragraphs to refine ideas he introduced and developed earlier in the letter. In a jigsaw activity, students consider how ideas presented in a single paragraph echo and refine similar ideas King presented in other parts of the letter and then share their observations in new groups. A whole-class discussion enables students to hear what their classmates have noticed and to record important ideas before completing a Quick Write at the end of the lesson that requires the students to respond to the following prompt: How does the conclusion of the letter refine ideas developed throughout the letter?

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Common Core Learning Standards

CCLS State Standard
RI.9-10.5 Analyze in detail how an author’s ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences...
W.9-10.9.b Apply grades 9–10 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Delineate and evaluate the...

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