Grade 1 Mathematics Module 5, Topic A

elementary male student studying

In Module 5 students build on their exploration and knowledge of shapes from kindergarten. In Topic A, students identify the defining attributes of individual shapes. In Lesson 1, students use straws cut at various lengths to create and then classify shapes. A list of the attributes that are common to a set of shapes is created. As students create a new shape with their straws, they decide if it has all the listed attributes. The names of these shapes are intentionally omitted during this lesson to encourage students to use precise language as they describe each shape. In this way, students attend to, and clarify, a shape’s defining attributes (1.G.1). For instance, rather than describing a shape as a triangle, students must describe it as having three sides and three corners. As students sort the shapes as examples and non-examples, they do the thoughtful work that is depicted in the image to the right at a first grade level. Students are introduced to the term attributes during this lesson and continue to use the new vocabulary throughout the lessons that follow. In Lesson 2, students connect defining attributes to the classification name. Along with circle, triangle, rectangle, and hexagon, which were introduced in kindergarten, students learn trapezoid and rhombus. Like in kindergarten, students see squares as special rectangles. In Lesson 3, defining attributes of three-dimensional shapes are explored. Along with the three-dimensional shape names learned in kindergarten (sphere, cube, and cylinder), students expand their vocabulary to include cone and rectangular prism. Students are presented with models of three-dimensional shapes as well as real life examples to sort and classify based on their defining attributes. Students complete sentence frames that help to distinguish defining attributes from non-defining attributes. For example: “A [can] is in the shape of the [cylinder] . It has circles at the ends just like all cylinders. This cylinder is made of metal but some cylinders are not.”

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Common Core Learning Standards

CCLS State Standard
1.G.1 Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-...

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